Our early thinking behind SHELF was based on the findings of a research project on best practice in elicitation, funded by the NHS’s Research Methodology Programme. The project was a collaboration between statisticians and psychologists, and the main output was this book:

We have contributed to a more recent review/guidance document, which describes SHELF as well as Cooke’s classical method and the Delphi method:

John Paul Gosling has written about SHELF in an edited volume on elicitation methods:


These papers give examples of using SHELF:

This paper discusses the use of expert elicitation with SHELF at GlaxoSmithKline:

This paper presents a case study in which SHELF is compared with Cooke’s classical method: